It is battle between land power and sea power which is going to lead the world continents by one. What is Heartland theory? This theory explains,greatest wealth. This paper considers the ways in which Halford Mackinder’s ideas are represented and mobilized in geopolitical discourses in post-Soviet Russia. Mackinder is. The final tradition informing geopolitical thought in Russia today is the celebrated “Heartland” theory of the British geographer and statesman. Halford Mackinder.

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Hearyland Read Edit View history. This article has multiple macknder. Although the age of aeroplanes had begun, the theory failed to take into account its potential. Halford Mackinder was born on February 15th, in Gainsborough, England and received his education at the Epsom College and later at Christ Church in Oxford, where he received his biology degree in Anyway, the advances in satellite, missile, atomic and space technologies have overshadowed the strategic importance of geographic factors.

This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Mackinder called it the Heartland total area being 11 million square kilometres. The Heartland concept inspired Kjellen and Haushofer in their study of geopolitics.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Gadzhev, in his book Vvedenie v geopolitiku Introduction to Geopolitics raises a series of objections to Mackinder’s Heartland to start with that the significance physiography is given there for political strategy is a form of geographical determinism.

Countries mac,inder Eastern Europe enjoy proximity to the Heartland and therefore are in literally the best position to take advantage of its resources. The islands of Japan and the British Isles were categorized under the offshore islands.

Mackinder’s Heartland Theory – Explained!

Mackinder gave this theory in However, the roles of both the Intermediate Region and the Heartland are regarded by their respective authors as being pivotal in the shaping of world history. One major drawback of this theory is its inability to make allowances for the technological advances. Mackinder’s “Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland He outlined the following ways in which the Heartland might become a springboard for global domination in the twentieth century Sempa, This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.


Some see China’s prominence in international affairs as culminating with the country being the global power. The reason for this difference is that Mackinder’s model is primarily geo-strategic, while Kitsikis’ model is geo-civilizational. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe. Halford Mackinder was a 20th-century geopolitical scholar who is attributed for writing the Heartland Theory.

Mackinder’s Heartland Theory – Explained!

Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. During the time of the writing of the Heartland Theory, most of East Europe and Russia did not have an inch heartlajd road or railway network, making the belief of conquering the Heartland logistically impossible.

The other landmasses would follow later. That never actually happened. The vital question was how to secure control for the Heartland. For instance, the writer claimed that the existing natural barriers would protect the Heartland from foreign invasion. Also, China later went thfory to join the communist sphere, while the Saudi Arabia-Sahara barrier could not prevent the Cold War from spilling over into Africa.

However, the Heartland has been under Russian authority for hundreds of years and so to capture the Heartland, countries needed to prevent the expansion of Russian influence in the Heartland at the very least. The Heartland or pivot area could have become the focus of power if either Russia had united with Germany or Russia had been overthrown by China and Japan. Only countries in Eastern Europe were seen mackindef potential candidates of launching a successful invasion in the Heartland.


Signs of Mackinder’s Heartland Theory can be found in the works of geopolitician Dimitri Kitsikisparticularly in his ” Intermediate Region ” model.

What is the Heartland Theory? –

There is a significant geographical overlap between the Heartland or “Pivot Area” and the Intermediate Region, with the exception of Germany – Prussia and north-eastern Chinawhich Kitsikis excludes from the Intermediate Region. This page was last edited on 27 Septemberat What is the Heartland Theory? Mackinder saw it as a high point of communication system capable of uniting the whole Heartland into a cohesive unit.

This dividing line was also a hwartland of struggle between the Teutonic Germany and the Slavs Russia with no established balance of power.

Mackinder believed that countries from other world regions the offshore islands and the outlying islands were hindered from making rheory successful invasion in the Heartland by the geographical barriers surrounding the Heartland the Carpathian Mountains to the west, the Hindukush Ranges to the South, and the Altai to the east and the Baltic Sea to the north.

Meaning and Its Structure.

His map Mercator projection of the world enclosed within an ellipse exaggerated the extent of the Arctic Ocean. China needed to first emerge as the largest economy in Asia-Europe, before it eventually surpasses the United States as the global superpower, fulfilling what Mackinder stated: Halford relied on the interlinking of continents to come up with the dichotomy whereby interlinked continents were classified in a common region.

The outlying islands were made up of the Macknder as well as Australia. Its simplicity and boldness have been achieved at the cost of accuracy regarding the historical and the geographical details. Retrieved from ” https: