Citation: Atun-Einy O, Lotan M () A Systematic Review of Hippotherapy ( horseback riding) for Individuals with Autism is the Cognitive Level. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder including therapeutic horseback riding (THR), hippotherapy (HPOT). Children with autism benefit from equine therapy due to the motor, emotional, and patients on a personal level through what is referred to as “hippotherapy.

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The Benefits of Hippotherapy for the Autistic Population – Special

Benefits seen in participants have included increased trunk strength and control, better balance, stronger posture, improved motor planning, and gains in tactile and vestibular sensory skills and motor planning.

Zhaoxing PanPhD, Ms.

Autism spectrum disorder ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder diagnosed based on core impairments in social interaction, communication abilities, and the presence of restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behaviors and auhism. Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency. I would highly recommend Horseplay Therapy to any parent who has a child with special needs!! Other assistants may throw balls or other objects to be caught and returned by the riders. There was no significant difference between the two groups on the other ABC-C subscales.

How Your Autistic Child Can Benefit from Equine Therapy

Brim report no biomedical financial interests or potential conflicts of interest. Communication SALT 40 Although participants in the THR group spoke fewer words at the pre-intervention language assessment, this was not significantly different from the BA control group. The outcomes of this study lend support to findings from previous EAAT studies with the ASD population, suggesting that there is an important active ingredient in the human-equine interaction that can affect positive changes in irritability, hyperactivity, social, and communication behaviors in this population.


Mean and standard errors of change are from mixed effects model. No significant moderation effect was found for age, IQ or gender.

A behavior rating scale for augism assessment of treatment effects. The relationship of challenging behaviors to severity and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Hippotherapy helps to develop memory, concentration, attention to task, balance, coordination, body awareness, and improved socialization.

Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. Natalie BrimBA, and Dr. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article.

This then motivates children to perform skill-building tasks. Communication and auditory processing goals are addressed during a hippotherapy session when the therapist asks the rider to follow 1 or 2 step autksm, such as giving hipptoherapy high 5 or turning around backwards. Irritability subscale of ABC-C was deemed as the primary outcome. The riding portion consisted of a warm up activity, skill review, learning a new skill, lesson review, and a cool down activity.

The time course of the weekly profile of Hyperactivity subscale had a similar pattern as the Irritability subscale with significantly greater improvement in THR group starting at week 5. Further research is warranted to examine if the joint attention and movement experiences are key THR mechanisms to observe behavioral and social-communication improvements in the ASD population.

THR Intervention Fidelity The average fidelity rating for the eight intervention components were as follows: Factor validity and effect of subject variables for adults in group homes. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales.


Levy A, Perry A. Individuals with Autism tend to have difficulties with verbal and non-verbal communication, sensory processing, and understanding or reading social cues. American Psychological Association; Of note, co-morbid diagnoses at study entry were obtained by caregiver report and not independently confirmed; therefore, these data were not included in the moderator analyses.

Research team members collected quantitative data and also used qualitative standardized clinical scales to measure changes in balance and behavior for 13 children who participated in the week study.

Autistic Children Improve Skills through Hippotherapy – Kentucky Equine Research

Learning and Cognition in Autism. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is a rapidly growing field for special needs populations that involves horses in a therapeutic intervention setting. The Autism Spectrum Disorder Foundation does not prefer any one organization to another, and it is not responsible for the information listed on an organization’s web site, or any disseminated information either verbal or written.

Am J Nippotherapy Retard.

Autistic Children Improve Skills through Hippotherapy

Occupational Therapy Engaging with the world around him. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. As a parent of an autistic child, you already know that there are numerous expenses associated with his care.

Hippotherapy and Autism The specially trained physical therapists and occupational therapists at Children’s TherAplay use hippotherapy to benefit autistic children in numerous ways.