Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. Formicarius. Front Cover · Johannes Nider. Formicarius: Dialogus ad vitam christianam exemplo conditionum Formice Johannes Nider Full view -.

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Formicarius – Johannes Nider, Hans Biedermann – Google Books

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Probably the most famous one was written by French Inquisitor Bernard Gui around Salem witch trials — This complex system of using ants as metaphors for various aspects of Christian belief and practice is only really addressed in the first few lines of each chapter, after which Nider focuses on whatever theme he means to address with almost no further reference to ants.

Nider, a Dominican reformer himself, intended the book to reach as wide an audience as possible through its use in popular sermons. For rormicarius about the antthrush genus, see Formicarius genus.

Prior to the fifteenth century, magic was thought johannrs be performed by educated males who performed intricate rituals. Nider presents nifer and proper adherence to Dominican rites as the surest counter to witchcraft. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April All stub articles.

Medieval European History | Formicarius

The Formicariuswritten by Johannes Nider during the Council of Basel and first printed inis the second formicariue ever printed to discuss witchcraft formicaris first book being Fortalitium Fidei [1].

The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna. This region is also where the book was most widely read. Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There were other books written about witchcraft before this. This article is about the book.


The title is Latin for “the ant colony”, an allusion to Proverbs 6: Formicarius Dublin Core Title Formicarius. The fifth book, on witches, is structured around the colors of ants. This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat The second book, dealing with revelations, was based on ants’ varied means of locomotion. Witchcraft in Europe, Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons Search Search using this query type: Nirer over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study ofrmicarius the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on their earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century.


The Formicarius would have functioned as a kind niser preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons. Retrieved from ” formicxrius This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This association between women and witchcraft would come to characterize much of the witchcraft hysteria of early modern Europe. Additionally, each of the twelve chapters nidder each book was based on one of sixty conditions of ants’ lives.

From Sorcery to Witchcraft: The treatise is organized the various forms and conditions of the lives of ants. Many of the stories relating to witchcraft take place in the Simme Valley and were told to Nider by Peter of Bernwho had conducted many witch trials in the region.

The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format. University of Pennsylvania Press,p. The Formicarius consists of a number of books addressing various topics, including “good works and revelations,” “falsities and wicked acts,” and “the deeds of virtuous people.

Description This image is taken from a digitized version of the Formicarius, a text written by Johannes Nider in the 15th century 1.

Johannes Nider. Formicarius (The Ant Hill). Second edition, ca. 1484.

The work is further of note for its information regarding notably infamous figures of the time, one of whom was the sorcerer Scavius, who reputedly escaped his enemies on multiple occasions by metamorphosing into a mouse. Most of these accounts are representative of the late medieval religious atmosphere of what is now Switzerlandsouthern GermanyAustriaand the southern Rhineland.


Nider used the ant colony as a metaphor for a harmonious society. Nider explained that females were capable of such acts by pointing out what he considered their inferior physical, mental and moral capacity.

The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some. In Nider’s Formicariusthe witch is described as uneducated and more commonly female.

A Documentary History, 2nd ed.

Views Read Edit View history. Added by Christopher Hightower. Valais witch trials —47 Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa formicagius trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial The fourth book deals with the virtues of saints and other holy people, using niser stages of an ant’s life cycle.

Keyword Boolean Exact match Search only these record types: After the theologian would njder these, the student asks clarifying questions that Hohannes used to dispel what he saw as common misconceptions.

In this book of the Formicarius, Nider makes mention of the practice of witchcraft, dealings between witches and demons, gatherings of witches, and the association of magic with women 3. Nider was one of the first to transform the idea of sorcery to its more modern perception of witchcraft.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Nideer Policy. The first book focuses on the deeds of good men and women and is organized around the occupations of ants. Pennsylvania State University Press. Unlike his successors, he did not emphasize the idea of the Witches’ Sabbath and was skeptical of the claim that witches could fly by night.