Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.
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Pelican eel – Wikipedia
A bizarre deep-water eel with pwlecanoides enormous mouth, extremely long jaws, pore-like gill openings and a very expandable euryphadynx and stomach. The jaw is loosely hinged, as seen in modern snakes, making it able to be opened extremely widely.
Specimens that have been brought to the surface in fishing nets have been known to have their long tails tied into several knots. This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat Reed New Holland pp.
The gulper eel is also known to feed on cephalopods squid and other small invertebrates.
The pouch-like lower jaw resembles that of a pelicanhence its name. Features Dorsal fin —; Anal fin —; Pectoral fin about 11; Vertebrae — Adults feed mainly on crustaceans, but also take pelecanoidrs, cephalopods, and other invertebrates Ref.
It is also referred to as the pelican eelpelican gulperand umbrella-mouth gulper. Summary page Point data Common names Photos. Which species are on the road to recovery?
The light organ at the tail tip may lure predators to attack the least vulnerable part of the Pelican Eel’s body Smith X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.
This is presumably a lure to attract prey, although its presence at the far end of the body from the mouth suggests the eel may have to adopt an unusual posture to use it effectively.
Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. Eurypharynx Vaillant Egg cells within each of the gonads have the same developmental stage monocyclic ovaries suggesting only one euryphagynx during its lifetime or periodic spawning Ref.
Rodents of Unusual Size. They have a euryphraynx long tapering compressed tail tipped with a small pinkish light organ. You can sponsor this page. Biology The larvae are described by Smith The gulper eel also has a very long, whip-like tail. Views Read Edit View history. Information on the gulper eel is currently being researched and written and will appear here shortly.
This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated pelecqnoides soon as possible. The eel can swim into large groups of shrimp or other crustaceans with its mouth wide open, scooping them up as it goes.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
It belongs to the order Saccopharyngiformespelecanoidee is closely related to the true eels in Anguilliformes. The mouth of the Gulper Eel can open wide enough to swallow long things much larger than the eel itself.
Fisheries Of no interest to fisheries. We made two versions of this species. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
It is an eel-like fish and the only known member of the genus Eurypharynx and the family Eurypharyngidae. The mouth is loosely hinged, and can be opened wide enough to swallow a fish much larger than the eel itself. Feeding Feeds on a variety of mesopelagic and bathypelagic prey including crustaceans, fishes and squid, by engulfing them in the enormous mouth. Gulper eels are also unusual that the ampullae of the lateral line system projects from the body, rather than being contained in a narrow groove; this may increase its sensitivity.
Remarks The light organ at the tail tip may lure predators to attack the least vulnerable part of the Pelican Eel’s body Smith This is presumably a lure to attract prey, although its presence at the far end of the body from the mouth suggests the eel may have to adopt an unusual posture to use it effectively.
As they mature, the males undergo a change that causes enlargement of the olfactory organs, responsible for the sense of smell, and degeneration of the teeth and jaws.
The end of euryphqrynx tail bears a complex organ with numerous tentacles, which glows pink and gives off occasional bright-red flashes. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox.
Eurypharynx pelecanoides Vaillant Eurypharyngidae Deep sea fish Fish described in Despite the great size of the jaws, which occupy about a quarter of the animal’s total length, it has euryypharynx tiny teeth, which would not be consistent with a regular diet of large fish.
Contrary to true eels, gulper eels lack pelvic fins, swim bladders, and scales. The names are derived from its most notable feature: The gulper eel has also been described by the synonyms Gastrostomus pacificusMacropharynx longicaudatusGastrostomus bairdiiEurypharynx pelecanoivesand Leptocephalus pseudolatissimus ; despite this, nobody has been able to demonstrate that more than one species of pelican eel exists.