Difference between Epigeal and Hypogeal Seed Germination. The term germination designates the overall processes beginning with the imbibition of water by. The main difference between epigeal and hypogeal germination is that in epigeal germination, the cotyledons emerge out of the soil during. Hope you already know that what is cotyledon and how seeds germinate. Epigeal; In this type of germination, the seed /cotyledons emerge out of the soil or .

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The radicle fails to develop any further but several adventitious roots grow from the base of the plumule. The radicle forms the primary root which is soon replaced by many fibrous roots. The opposite of epigeal is hypogeal underground germination. The embryo of the seed present inside the fruit continues growth while the latter is attached to the parent plant.

Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Views Read Edit View history. Epicotyl is short in plants that show epigeal germination germinatjon the epicotyl is long in plants that show hypogeal germination. Inbotanist James A. Germination begins with the imbibition of water into the seed, which in turn increases the metabolism and cell division inside the seed, leading to the enlargement of the embryo.

An example of a plant with epigeal germination is the common bean Phaseolus vulgaris. Normally, the cotyledon is fleshy, and contains many nutrients that are used for ane. Normally, the cotyledon itself contains very little nutrients in plants that show this kind of germination. Plants that show epigeal germination grow relatively fast, especially in the first phase when the leaflets unfold.

Hypogeal germination is the other type of germination in which the cotyledons remain inside the soil. After sometimes, the coleorhiza gets ruptured due to growth of radicle. The grain imbibes water from moist soil.


Seed Germination Types (With Diagram)

Details of wheat grain germination Fig. Plants that show hypogeal germination need relatively little in the way of external nutrients to grow, therefore they are more frequent on nutrient-poor soils.

Therefore they can be found more often in the field, at the border of forests, or as pioneer species. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The three main types are: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Differences between Epigeal and Hypogeal Germination Plants. Inbotanist James A. Instead, hypoheal first leaflets are already folded up inside it, and photosynthesis starts to take place in it rather quickly.

Epigeal germination – Wikipedia

The hypocotyl part of the stem below the cotyledon elongates while the epicotyl part of the stem above the cotyledon stays the same length. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Begoon — This file was derived from: In addition to food storage, cotyledons undergo photosynthesis and produce food for the development of the embryo. This is the main difference between epigeal and hypogeal germination.

Plants that show epigeal germination need external nutrients rather quickly in order to develop, so they are more frequent on nutrient-rich soils. Three seminal roots develop from above the radicle but variation in number. In epigeal germination, the cotyledons emerge out of the soil while in hypogeal germination, the cotyledons remain inside the soil. The remanents of endosperm withers and drop off Fig.

Epigeal germination occurs in beans and castor while the hypogeal germination occurs in coconut, pea, and maize. It arches out and carries the plumule above ground.


The radicle penetrate the soil, while the other end of the cotyledon remains within the endosperm and sucks the food material. Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text. No photosynthesis takes place within the cotyledon. The radicle quickly forms new roots and establishes the seeding as a new plant Fig. In mangrove plants e. Duke introduced the terms cryptocotylar and phanerocotylar as synonyms for hypogeal and epigeal respectively, because he didn’t consider these terms etymologically correct.

It is possible that within the same genus one species shows hypogeal germination while another species shows epigeal germination. Answer Now and help others.

In epigeal germination, the energy comes from the cotyledons, while, in hypogeal germination, the energy comes from the endosperm. This means the hypocotyl shows a greater elongation in epigeal germination while the hypocotyl is short in hypogeal germination.

Duke introduced the terms phanerocotylar and cryptocotylar as synonyms for epigeal and hypogeal respectively, because he didn’t consider these terms etymologically bermination. In seeds with epigeal germination, the cotyledons are brought above the soil due to elongation of the hypocotyl. The plumule within the cotyledons becomes exposed and soon grows into the aerial shoot Fig.

In this way, the epicotyl pushes the plumule above the ground. This develops the aerial shoot even before the roots have come in contact with the soil. Among dicotyledons, gram, pea Fig.

All monocotyledons show hypogeal germination Fig.

Epigeal and Hypogeal Germination

It occurs in mammals among animals and mangrove plants. Epigeal germination implies that the cotyledons are pushed above ground. Leave a Reply Cancel reply.