Found subtidally (Ref. ). Inhabits hard substrates by boring on rocks in shallow waters (Ref. ). It is also found on fore-reefs (Ref. ). Feeds on. Image of Echinometra mathaei. Echinometra mathaei Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA Physical Description. Echinometra mathaei are roughly spherical in shape and exhibit pentamourous symmetry. The urchin consists of the main body known as .
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A commensal shrimpAthanas areteformilives among the spines of this sea urchin  and its appearance is mimicked by the mantis shrimpEchinosquilla gueriniiwhich conceals itself in a hole in the rock with only its spiny telson visible.
The spines are sometimes green and purple with purple tips or entirely green with purple tips but this sea urchin can be distinguished from other species by a characteristic pale ring at the base of each spine. Echinometra mathaei grows to a test diameter of about 5 centimetres 2. Echinometra mathaei with pale banding around the base of spines.
Physical Description Echinometra mathaei are roughly spherical in shape and exhibit pentamourous symmetry. This page was last edited on 13 Aprilat World Register of Marine Species.
Echinometra mathaei Blainville. Echonometra on the ventral oral surface of the urchin are smaller in size and are parted in the centre where the feeding appendage occurs, and spines are similarly smaller on the aboral surface where they give way to the anus. Mqthaei specimens are between 30 and 70mm diameter with a test size of up to 50mm. Its natural predators are mostly finfish but there is also some predation by brittle stars and gastropod molluscs.
Bulletin of Marine Science. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Spine colour may vary along the length of spine, with some spines appearing pale purple at the base and turning darker towards the tip, or green along the length echunometra white tips. It occurs in shallow waters in the Indo-Pacific region. Echinometra mathaei are roughly spherical in shape and exhibit pentamourous symmetry.
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Spine colour varies with individuals showing spines of various shades of green, grey and purple. Mathaei can grow to sizes of up to 85mm diameter, with no sexual dimorphism McClanahan and Muthiga, Agassiz, Echinometra picta A. The type locality is Mauritius.
Fertilisation is external and the echinopluteus larvae are planktonic. It has been found that in areas where heavy fishing takes place, the number of urchins is increased because their natural predators are less abundant and as a consequence, greater damage to the reef takes place. The urchin consists of the main body known as the test, and is surrounded by spines extending outwards in all directions.
Because of its burrowing activities, Echinometra mathaei causes bioerosion of coral reefs. Kroh A, Mooi R, eds. Colour The test of E. Blainville. Mathaei can be distinguished from other urchin species by the pale ring at the base of each spine, a unique characteristic of the species Boyer, Echinometra mathaei uses its spines and teeth part of the mouthparts known as Aristotle’s lantern to dig itself into the basaltic and calcareous rock where it lives.
AgassizEchinometra picta A. The colour is quite variable but the test is usually a dark colour. Views Read Edit View history.
As with other sea urchins, breeding involves releasing gametes into the water column.
World Echinoidea Database – Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, )
Echinometra mathaeithe burrowing urchinis a species of sea urchin in the family Echinometridae. AgassizEchinometra heteropora A.
Echinometra mathaei Echinometra mathaei Scientific classification Kingdom: The two sides of the same dried specimen MHNT. Spines can reach lengths of up to 20mm. Agassiz, Echinometra heteropora L. When these settle on the seabed, they undergo metamorphosis into juvenile sea urchins. World Database of Marine Species.