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Survey trends illustrate growing utilization of sutureless microincision vitrectomy in everyday retina practice [ 10 ]. Time and flow data were analyzed using linear least squares regression analyses and two-tailed -tests.

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The same tests were then performed using artificial vitreous humor as aspirating fluid. Endotron Geuder AG. Indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded. A standard blade vitrectome of both gauges was also evaluated for aspiration flow rate at varying cut rates when connected to an Associate machine.

Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. Trending in Retina Powered by: Statistical significance value of comparison between PPV durations performed using standard and TDC vitreous cutters was set at 0. Vitrectomy surgery using a TDC vitrectome resulted in faster core vitrectomy, a finding that was consistent across both gauge and gauge instrumentation surgery groups.

Initially, these tests were performed with water. The study adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki, and local regulatory requirements were fulfilled. The concept of a double-action surgical cutting probe has only recently been developed and incorporated into modern vitrectomy instrumentation probes that feature 2 cutter openings in the guillotine shaft, thereby performing a vitreous cutting action on both forward and backward stroke of the probe device.

Mean duration of core vitrectomy operating time for gauge and gauge surgeries utilizing either a standard single-cut or a TDC vitrectome. The general principle of pars plana vitrectomy PPV surgery is to ensure complete vitreous removal with no residual vitreous left following the procedure. The outer part has a closed distal end and the inner part an open distal end.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. References made in article may indicate usage of medical equipment or assodiate at dosages, for periods of time, and in combination not included in the current prescribing information.

The artificial vitreous, consisting of a mixture of deionized water, agar, and hyaluronic acid sodium salt, was produced according to corc protocol published by Kummer et al. Investigators found that, using modified gauge vitrectomy probes, the time of aspiration remained almost constant irrespective of cutting speed, indicating almost no reduction of flow but, more importantly, that aspiration time was significantly reduced compared with a standard single port cutter.


The axial position of the distal cutting edge of the inner part as a function of the circumferential direction initially proceeds towards the proximal end and then back asosciate the distal azsociate again.

A total of 80 patients were enrolled, with equal numbers, or 20 eyes, randomly allocated to one of four surgical treatment groups: View at Google Scholar F. Results suggest significantly decreased operating time for core vitrectomy.

This content is intended for health care professionals and providers only. A report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology in noted that, compared with gauge vitrectomy, small-gauge vitrectomy is associated with significantly lower levels of patient discomfort and ocular inflammation, with faster improvement in visual acuity, and an acceptably low incidence of adverse events comparable to those observed for gauge vitrectomy [ 13 ].

Owing to the increased cutting and snipping capacity, the surgical intervention can be shortened and, moreover, the traction exerted on the ocular tissue drawn in during the aspiration phase decreases while the suction flow increases.

After activation of the vitreous cutter, a small time was allowed for attainment of a constant vacuum level in the aspiration tubing. When the classic gauge vitrectome was connected to the Associate system, aspiration flow rate decreased from 1. When the vacuum level was constant, the weight reduction of the fluid in the cup was measured and the aspiration flow calculated by dividing the weight reduction by the time elapsed.

Fluidic stability and control during vitrectomy is essential. The degree of retinal traction created by vitrectomy cutters is influenced by the effect of time of aspiration, distance from the retina, and cutting rate.

Evaluations dord herein are nonetheless limited by small research scale and by the fact that the same surgeon performed all vitrectomies in this single-centre clinical assessment. The principal advantages of this novel guillotine sleeve design included a doubling of cut rate, 60000 flow, and potentially decreased retinal traction or force exerted by the probe.

We report below the methodologies and findings from in vitro comparisons of aspiration flow dynamics utilizing TDC and standard vitrectomes connected 6000 different surgical platforms, together with methods and results of a prospective surgical case series study evaluating duration of core vitrectomy procedures and therefore comparative corc efficiency performance, using a TDC vitrectome system versus standard vitreous cutter system.

Time measurement of core vitrectomy duration was made by a secondary person without a need to change standard vitrectomy procedures of PPV for epiretinal membrane removal. Before each test, a priming procedure was performed to ensure that the aspiration tubing of the cutter was completely filled with water and that the cutter was positioned with its tip into a cup filled with fluid.


Table 2 tabulates the mean duration of core vitrectomy procedures for dlrc surgical intervention group assessed. In the comparative case series clinical study, the mean duration of core vitrectomy procedures using gauge and gauge TDC vitreous cutter system was statistically significantly shorter than the mean operating duration for core PPV performed utilizing a standard single-cut vitrectome of the same gauge.

Although great care is taken to ensure that all information is accurate, it is recommended that readers seek independent verification of advice on drugs and other product usage, surgical techniques and clinical processes prior to their use.

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Megatron Cool Geuder AG. Beye LLC, via its Editors and Publisher, accepts no responsibility for any injury or damage to persons or property occasioned through the implementation of any ideas or use of any product described herein. Vitrectomy surgery performed using a TDC vitrectome was faster than core vitrectomy utilizing a standard single-action vitrectome at similar cut speeds.

A TDC vitrectome delivered good overall stability in aspiration flow rate that is independent of cut speed. In vitro investigations compared aspiration flow rates in artificial vitreous humor at varying cutter speeds and vacuum levels using a TDC vitrectome and a standard vitrectome across different aspiration pump systems.

The reported comparative evaluation of core vitrectomy duration in 80 patients undergoing surgery for macular pucker epiretinal membranes revealed that surgical case time using TDC vitrectome PPV is less than vitrectomy operating time performed using a standard single port cutter of the same gauge. A prospective single-centre clinical study evaluated duration of core vitrectomy in 80 patients with associtae pucker assocjate gauge or gauge vitrectomy using either a TDC vitrectome at 16, cuts per minute cpm or standard single-cut vitrectome, combined with a Valve Timing intelligence VTi pump system EVA, DORC International.

There is undoubtedly a surgical learning curve involved in mastering the technique of using small-gauge vitrectomy instruments, typically involving the first 20 or so cases.

A first cutting aszociate occurs by cooperation of the distal end of the inner part with the distal cutting edge of the outer part.