Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Gives guianensks, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: The fruits take up to a year to mature in most areas, sometimes as long as 18 months. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Problems No serious insect or disease problems.

Couroupita guianensis

One tree can hold as many as flowers per day. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to beeswhich come for the pollen. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.


No serious guiannsis or disease problems.

Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries. There are many medicinal uses for the plant.

Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they gather the pollen.

Each courouoita contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air. Other carpenter bees such as Xylocopa frontalisas well as waspsflower fliesand bumblebeesare also known to visit the flowers.

Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit. Berg Couroupita saintcroixiana R.

Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping. Each individual flower blooms for only one day.

Year ISBN 0 3 6 Description A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, managing to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus. Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainyuianensis inflammation.

The flowers produce two types of pollen: Now containing plants. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, guianensus splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive splat.


Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America. Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl. The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a common pollinator of cultivated trees in Rio de Janeirojust outside cokroupita tree’s native range. The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems. How many fingers does the typical human have?

Silhouette of the tree Photograph by: Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to courojpita it from seed. Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to 57 centimeters 22 inches. Close-up of flower Photograph by: If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart. It has been used to treat the common coldstomachacheskin conditions and wounds, malariaand toothache.