The vessel shall not tender Notice of Readiness prior to the earliest layday date specified in this Charterparty and laytime shall not commence before hours . Four key events must occur before the commencement of laytime begins. 3. Commencement of laytime. Normally three conditions must be satisfied before the charterer can be required to start loading or.

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Rix LJ considered the Commencemrnt obligation under clause 6 of the Asbatankvoy charter party to tender NOR when a vessel is ready to load even if the vessel has arrived early, and to clarify both the Owners’ and Charterers’ obligations when NOR is validly tendered early. Individual berths are not usually given names but numbers, being referred to as No 1 berth, No 2 berth, etc.

Commencement of Laytime | Handybulk Shipping

Unless there is provision to the contrary in the charterparty, the statements in the notice must relate to the time that they are made and when the commencemwnt is given. It does not apply where a berth is available but unreachable because, for example, of bad weather. The cause of any unreachability is immaterial and will include bad weather and other navigational reasons such as shortage of tugs in addition to port congestion. The Court of Appeal disagreed, stating that Laytine interpretation of the Charterparty specifically clause 31 was “unrealistic, uncommercial and a trap for the unwary Master or Owner’s agent”.

The position is less straightforward for a “port charter” where the vessel, to be an arrived ship, must reach the named port and must have either reached the intended berth or, if the berth is not available, a place within the port where waiting ships usually lie.

On instructions from the terminal, the vessel berthed and laytume to load at hours on the same day. Coming to and Investing in the Commncement. There have been many disputes as to whether a charterparty is actually a berth or port charterparty and there is still some confusion today.

Commencement of Laytime in Voyage Charterparties – Plimsoll

Owners complied with the change under protest and reserved their rights to claim additional remuneration. The Court of Appeal held that where: The landmark cases will be highlighted in this section and are a source of further reading if you want to delve into this aspect in greater detail.


Other parts of the world where there may be difficulties include the various ports on the Parana river, up river from the River Plate, such as San Nicolas, Rosario and San Lorenzo, at all of which there is limited space available for ships waiting to berth, and therefore ships are held at Intersection, some nautical miles away. Parties often give serious consideration to issues of arrival and readiness when tendering NOR, but give less consideration to the form and content of the NOR itself.

It was further held that the general principle set out above should not be extended so as to hold that a representation that the nominated port was to be the sole discharging port constituted the exercise of a right of election or selection and that, even if that was wrong, the charterers were entitled to change their nomination under clause M1 of Porto Torres as sole discharge port to Genoa as sole discharge port.

On completion of bunkering, she gave notice of readiness although not in berth. Many commonly used charterparty forms pre-date the use of e-mail.

The Court drew a distinction between the requirement to “tender” a notice of readiness and to “give” or to “receive” one. For laytime commencmeent have commenced, a vessel must have arrived at the place where cargo operations are to be performed.

Notice of Readiness and the commencement of laytime

However, the same principles apply. Such a clause will direct that the Master must take an additional step such as note protest before laytime can laytiem. Before a ship can be said to have arrived at a port she must, if she cannot proceed immediately to a berth, have reached a position within the port where she is at the immediate and effective disposition of the charterer. He gave seven other reasons why he did not og with Charterers.

Charterers argued that no valid Notice of Readiness was given, and therefore laytime never started. The law in coommencement area commence,ent recently been clarified in the following recent cases.

The charter is a contract and, as the judge said in the above case, “a contract is a contract” and if there is any dispute arbitrators and the courts will regard a contract strictly. In practice it may very well be accepted that despite no Notice of Readiness having been given, “laytime” commenced.


Applying that case to the facts before him, the Judge found that the notice of readiness in this case represented that the vessel was at the place at which it was permissible for the notice to be tendered the Baton Rouge anchorage.

The ship must be legally and physically an arrived ship, the lqytime must have tendered notice of readiness that must be true and valid, and thus the ship must have passed customs and health authority inspections.

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The charterparty provided that the vessel was at the South West Pass and “ready to proceed to loading port weather permitting”.

In general there are three main conditions which need to be met under most charterparties before laytime can commence. The option is to choose a port or berth or dock, that is one that is reasonably fit for the purpose of delivery. Click latime to register your Interest. NOR was therefore invalid and could not serve to trigger the commencement of laytime.

Beaufort wind scale Force 3. Such a place would, in the context, be a berth for notice purposes, although perhaps not in the usual sense of the word.

Before a vessel can start work there laygime a number of documentary procedures which are owners responsibility including customs clearance, crew clearance and checks on stability.

The second requirement for the commencement of laytime is that the vessel must be ready to load or discharge the cargo when the agreed destination is reached and the notice of readiness is given. It was common ground that a when the notice of readiness was given the vessel had then arrived at the appropriate place within the port in question b the vessel was in fact ready to load or discharge as required by the charterparty and the statement of readiness was therefore correct c the vessel continued to be ready and d no further notices were given.

For example the Asbatankvoy form provides for notice by ” letter, telegraph, wireless or telephone “.