CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.

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Kossard S, Shumack S. YAG laser treatment of idiopathic chronic inflammatory non-cicatricial balanoposthitis Zoon’s disease — A series of 20 patients with long-term candidissica. Clinical criteria for diagnosing Zoon balanitis[ 18 ].

Case series and review of the literature. Torchia D, Cappugi P. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathological features, ccandidiasica diagnostic criteria and diagnostic methods of ZB. Clinicopathologic study of cases and treatment modalities. Retrieved from ” https: Griseofulvin ineffective in balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis.

Diagnosis may include careful identification of the cause with the aid of a good patient history, swabs and cultures, and pathological examination of a biopsy. It may be associated with siderophages i.

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Dermoscopy of Zoon’s plasma cell balanitis. Zoon plasma cell balanitis: YAG laser to produce complete resolution in ZB.


Hague J, Ilchyshyn A. A clinicopathologic study of 45 cases. This page was last edited on 10 Septemberat Conflicts of interest There are no conflicts of interest. It is most commonly located on candidiasics glans penis, but inner surface of prepuce and coronal sulcus may be involved.

The exact mechanism of action of TCIs in these conditions is not known. However, further studies are required to substantiate these findings.

Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

Histopathological examination ZB has very distinct histopathological changes affecting both epidermis and dermis. CS1 Spanish-language sources es Infobox medical condition new Articles containing Greek-language balanoposttitis Articles with references in external links Commons candidiaxica link is on Wikidata. There is only one case report of ZB treated with oral dapsone without any side effect although the mechanism of action was not clear. Oral dapsone has also been used in resistant lesions of ZB.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol.

It is usually asymptomatic and patient only presents with change in appearance of the genitalia. Chronic benign circumscript plasmocytic balanoposthitis.

Most of the researchers have used TCIs in ZB for 4—8 weeks resulting in significant clinical improvement without any severe side effect. As far as Indian literature is concerned, there are no published data regarding the incidence and prevalence of ZB in Indian patients.


Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

Circumcision, lasers, nonvenereal disease, topical calcineurin inhibitors, Zoon balanitis. Circumscribed plasma cell balanoposthitis and conjunctivitis in the same patient. Shiny, erythematous patches on the glans, prepuce, or both. Macrophage Epithelioid cell Giant cell Granuloma. According to a study by Petersen et al. Furthermore, a regular careful clinical and histopathological monitoring is definitely required in the management of this complex and demanding entity.

Therapeutic efficacy of topical calcineurin inhibitors in plasma cell balanitis: Promotion of good hygiene is an easy and potentially beneficial measure.

Reflectance confocal microscopy [ 25 ]. YAG laser – Few studies have reported Er: However, long-term controlled studies are needed to confirm its effect and to know the dose and duration of therapy for complete clearance in ZB [ Table 2 ]. Rarely blood-stained discharge or dyspareunia has been described.

Inflammation of the glans penis and the preputial mucosa of a circumcised penis.