Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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Consequently, an imprudently flattened lens design, while thinner and lighter in weight than a “best form” lens design, produces inferior peripheral vision.

– Continuing Education Course

Using free-form surfacing, a atric can directly surface a variety of lens designs directly onto a semi-finished lens blank in addition to the prescription curves. Does this mean that providing good optics precludes the ability to provide good cosmesis? It turns out that the form of a lens will have a significant pens on the clarity of peripheral vision experienced by the wearer. Since properly designed corrected curve lenses will have the least amount of the most detrimental aberrations, they are also called best form lens designs.

Other forms of optical customization for the wearer are also possible. The ideal progressive lens design for a given wearer will depend upon the visual demands specific to his or her lifestyle.

In this context, the term cylinder is based on a mathematical approximation, which is only valid for small corrective desing.

Essentially, plate height is the height of a lens as measured from a flat plane. The astigmatic error is lrns to 1. Consequently, standard best form and aspheric lens designs with prescribed cylinder power represent an optical compromise.


Opticians Handbook – Aspheric/Atoric

The tangential error is the error from the desired focus through the tangential meridian of the lens as a result of lens aberrations. Ostwalt developed another system of lenses free from oblique astigmatism, which were much flatter than Wollaston’s. Traditional progressive lenses are often designed to exhibit the specified optical performance only when measured using a focimeter, such as a lensometer Figure 9. This aberration is a concern for optical devices that require a flat image plane, such as cameras.

The best form lens design, on the other hand, offers a wide, clear field of vision.

Toric lens

Of course, in some cases it may be desirable to use base or front curves that are actually steeper than “best form” curves. The errors from the desired prescription produced by these lens aberrations result in blurred vision in the periphery and a restricted field of clear vision.

Thereby attempting to compensate for spherical aberrations or varying distance from the eye on excursions on each axis.

When the prescription calls for significant cylinder power, the field of clear vision is often restricted through one or more planes of the lens, since a traditional base curve or aspheric lens design can only correct the optical aberrations associated with one power meridian.

Moreover, it is possible to exaggerate the asphericity of a surface in order to maximize cosmesis, though this will generally result in excessive levels of unwanted astigmatism. June 25, Learning Objectives: Consequently, the more llens curves available in the series, the broader the prescription range of the product. Away from this central region, the amount of surface astigmatism smoothly increases towards the periphery of the lens.


Lens aberrations result when light refracted by a lens fails to come to a focus at the far-point sphere. A single, rotationally-symmetrical kens surface cannot completely eliminate the power errors produced simultaneously by both principal meridians of sphero-cylindrical lenses with cylinder power.

This is a technical, intermediate level course intended for dispensing opticians, laboratory technicians, and paraoptometric personnel. The first five lens aberrations are referred to as the monochromatic aberrationssince they occur independently of color. It has also been demonstrated that individuals vary in their habitual head movement.

Dual-surface lenses employ a factory-molded progressive surface with a portion of the total addition power desjgn the front and a free-form surfaced progressive surface with the remaining addition power that has been combined with the prescription curves on the back; the progressive optics are split between both desin surfaces.

Originally Posted by chip anderson. If the corridor is too long for a given frame size, reading utility is greatly reduced, since the near zone is essentially cut away.

This movement describes an imaginary spherical surface, known as the far-point spherewhich represents the ideal locus of focal points for the lens as the eye rotates to look through it.

A toric lens is a lens that has more than one spherical radius in it’s principal meridians. Where P is focal power in diopters, F is the front surface power in diopters, and B is the back surface power in diopters. The focal deisgn of the lens is prescribed to produce a focus len the far-point of the eye.